How is Animal Feed Made ?

Animal feed is a formulated mixture created by nutritionists–the dieticians of the animal feed world–to provide the animal with the necessary balanced nutrients for proper growth, development and maintenance.

Animal Feed is designed to compensate for nutrients and supplements that might be absent from an animal’s natural diet.


Animal nutritionists focus on the dietary needs of animals and work to invent a nutritionally sound and balanced diet. This occupation requires a substantial science background in animal behavior, biology, chemistry, food processing, and physics.

Formulating a balanced diet is a complicated process; each species requires different nutritional requirements. For each animal feed and pet food company, there are animal nutritionists working side-by-side with scientists to invent the animal diets.

A  fermented animal feed is very useful for animals because it contains a lot of quantity proteins which is very powerful for animals.


A career as an animal nutritionist requires a bachelor’s degree in animal science or an animal science-related level and many times a master’s level and/or doctoral degree in animal nutrition.

There are more than 900 agricultural ingredients and co-products used to make animal and pet food diets. Ingredients include barley, corn, distiller’s grain, forage, fruits, minerals, sorghum, vegetables, vitamins and wheat.

Feed Processing

Feed mills worldwide use four standard processes to make animal feed: getting raw ingredients from suppliers; creating a feed formula based on many years of study; mixing ingredients together to make a complete feed, and packaging and labeling feed to be sent for commercial or retail purposes.

Receiving raw ingredients from suppliers is the main procedure. Upon arrival, ingredients are considered, tested and analyzed for various nutrients to ensure their quality and safety.

Laboratory testing is an important part of a quality control program because it measures specific elements of a feed/ingredient sample to ensure that it meets quality specifications.

Tests involve physical, chemical and/or digital measurement to determine the quality of a product in comparison to a predetermined standard.